Department of Medical Care for Mothers and Children
Deputy Head of the Head Office, Head
The Department monitors the organization of medical care for the female and child population of the Republic of Belarus.
The main responsibilities of the Department are:
In line with our responsibilities, we perform the following functions:
Protection of mothers and children health is a priority in the work of the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Belarus.
Solution of the problems for protecting the health of mothers and children is carried out in accordance with the Law of the Republic of Belarus "On Health Care", the Law of the Republic of Belarus "On the Rights of the Child", the Code of the Republic of Belarus on Matrimony and Family, and other legislative and regulatory legal acts.
Measures aimed at improving the health of women and children, reducing morbidity and mortality, financing health care institutions providing medical care to mothers and children are determined by the current programs: the Presidential Program "Children of Belarus" for 2006-2010, the National Program of Demographic Security of the Republic of Belarus for 2007 -2010, the State Program "Prevention of HIV Infection" for 2006-2010, the Health Development Program for 2006-2010 and others.
The Law of the Republic of Belarus "On the Rights of the Child" stipulates that every child has an inalienable right to health protection and promotion.
In accordance with Article 184 of the Code of the Republic of Belarus "On Matrimony and Family", children have the right to live in peaceful, safe and dignified conditions.
Children's living conditions should ensure their full physical, mental and spiritual development.
Parents, raising children, are obliged to take care of their health, physical, mental, spiritual development, to introduce them to feasible work and prepare them for independent life.
All children have the right to health protection and free medical care from the state in accordance with the legislation of the Republic of Belarus. They are under dispensary supervision in state healthcare institutions.
In accordance with Article 4 of the Law of the Republic of Belarus "On Health Care", citizens of the Republic of Belarus have the right to affordable medical care by provision of:
In accordance with the Law of the Republic of Belarus "On State Social Benefits, Rights and Guarantees for Certain Categories of Citizens," disabled children under the age of 18 have the right to free provision of medicines according to doctors' prescriptions within the list of essential medicines, the right to free provision of technical means of social rehabilitation in accordance with the State Register.
Minors have the right to free sanatorium resort (spa) treatment (in case of medical indications and absence of medical contraindications) upon the conclusion of the medical and consulting commission of the state health institution.
Minors living on the territory of radioactive contamination have the right to free sanatorium resort (spa) treatment (in case of medical indications and the absence of medical contraindications) or health improvement (if there are no medical contraindications) for a period of up to one month.
The List of diseases that give the right to free provision of medicines dispensed by doctor's prescription within the List of essential medicines for outpatient treatment, as well as medical nutrition, was approved by the Council of Ministers of the Republic of Belarus Resolution # 1650, dated November 30, 2007, and amended by the Council Ministers of the Republic of Belarus Resolution # 1390, dated 23.10.2009. In accordance with the above List, children suffering from tuberculosis, systemic lesions of the connective tissue, oncological and hematological diseases, diabetes mellitus, epilepsy and a number of other serious diseases are provided with free medicines. Children and pregnant women with phenylketonuria are provided with therapeutic nutritional mixtures free of charge.
In accordance with the Law of the Republic of Belarus "On Health Care", a pregnant woman is guaranteed medical supervision in outpatient and inpatient state healthcare institutions during and after childbirth, as well as medical assistance and medical supervision of newborns.
All women have access to prenatal and postnatal health care. Medical staff of all healthcare institutions, providing medical assistance to pregnant women, have medical education in the field of pregnancy management and childbirth.